Suggestion 1

Suggestion 2

Suggestion 1: General monitoring and compliance obligations



To support ABS implementation, the agreement shall include obligations for all Parties to:

  • Monitor sample and data flows throughout the whole chain of utilization (R&D)
  • Take appropriate and effective legislative measures to ensure compliance with ABS obligations under the agreement (i.e. measures to track ships, etc.)
  • Address situations of non-compliance (sanctions)
  • All to be further concretized and developed at national level


See Reporting Requirements; Compliance mechanism.




Nagoya Protocol Art 15 (Compliance on ABS)

Nagoya Protocol Art 17 (Monitoring)

Explanatory Guide to the Nagoya Protocol. IUCN EPLP Series N°83.



Suggestion 2: Detailed monitoring and compliance obligations



Specify in the agreement:

  • List of checkpoints that need to be established at national level
  • Port State measures
  • Sanctions in case of non-compliance.


See Compliance mechanism.




Regulation (EU) No 511/2014 on compliance measures for users from the Nagoya Protocol