Suggestion 1

Suggestion 2

Suggestion 1: Apply dispute settlement procedures elaborated in UNCLOS



Provide for application of dispute settlement procedures detailed in UNCLOS Part XV, adapted as necessary to the requirements of the Agreement




UNCLOS Part XV. Settlement of Disputes

ITLOS Rules of the Tribunal



Suggestion 2: Develop new dispute resolution mechanism based on negotiation, mediation, and binding dispute settlement



The agreement could establish detailed provisions on dispute settlement specific to the agreement, drawing on existing institutions under UNCLOS such as the Law of the Sea Tribunal.




Antarctic Treaty Art XI

Barcelona Convention Art 22


CBD Article 27