Strategic Environmental Assessments
Suggestion 1: Provide for strategic environmental assessmentsEdit
Require that an SEA is carried out for plans, programs and policies which are likely to have significant impacts on the marine environment of ABNJ.
Note: Conducting an SEA can ensure that the impacts of a plan, program or policy are fully considered and addressed at the earliest stages of decision making. It provides a method of anticipating and avoiding cumulative adverse impacts on the environment that can arise from multiple activities occurring within one geographic region, including from lingering past projects, concurrent present projects, and foreseeable future projects. An SEA is particularly valuable when considering broader scale marine areas, where a range of human activities occur over long time frames; making it a valuable tool for ensuring the sustainable use of marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction. Due to their cross-sectoral nature and scale, SEAs provide an important opportunity to harmonize elements of best practice in environmental assessments across a region.
References: Kiev Protocol to the Espoo Convention
Suggestion 2: Conducted by sectoral or regional bodyEdit
SEA conducted by a sectoral or regional body with competence in ABNJ.
References: ISA, Antarctic Treaty system
Suggestion 3: Conducted by ILBI bodyEdit
Where there is no regional or sectoral body, SEA could be conducted by ILBI.
Suggestion 4: Review by ILBI bodyEdit
Where regional or sectoral body already has SEA power, the ILBI body could perform a review function to check whether best practice standards specified in annex to ILBI have been met.
Suggestion 5: Monitoring of implementationEdit
Monitoring, review and public reporting of regional or sectoral implementation of any mitigation conditions recommended during review of the SEA.
- Strategic Environmental Assessment definition
- Obligation to conduct EIAs
- Relationship to EIA processes under relevant instruments, frameworks, and bodies
- Activities for which EIA is required
- EIA process
- Content of EIA reports
- Monitoring, report, and review of EIAs