Area-based management tools definition

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Suggestion 1: General definition of ABMTs.[edit | edit source]

Area Based Management Tools (ABMTs) are regulations of human activity in a specified area to achieve conservation or resource management objectives.

References: IUCN Policy Brief V: Understanding Area-based Management Tools and Marine Protected Areas; IUCN's Suggested responses to questions on area based management tools (ABMTs), based on the document entitled, “Chair’s indicative suggestions of clusters of issues and questions to assist further discussions in the informal working groups at the second session of the Preparatory Committee”


Suggestion 2: A definition of ABMTs with three elements[edit | edit source]

The definition of ABMTs could include three elements:(1)the objective – ABMTs would be aimed at the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity; (2) the geographic scope – ABMTs would be applied only to areas in the high seas and the international seabed area; (3) the function - ABMTs would include different functions and management approaches.

References: Chair’s streamlined non-paper on elements of a draft text of the ILBI at PrepCom 4


Suggestion 3: A definition based on a defined objective[edit | edit source]

  • Option 1: ABMTs are tools designed and applicable in a specified area located beyond national jurisdiction with a view to achieving a defined objective (environmental conservation or/and resource management).
  • Option 2: A spatial management tool for a geographically defined area through which one or several sectors/activities are managed with the aim of achieving particular objectives and affording higher protection than the surrounding areas.

References: Chair’s streamlined non-paper on elements of a draft text of the ILBI at PrepCom 4


Suggestion 4: Types of ABMTs[edit | edit source]

  • Sectoral ABMTs include measures adopted by a competent international organization to achieve biodiversity conservation objectives for a specific area such as IMO’s Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSAs) or MARPOL Special Areas; temporal or spatial closed areas adopted by RFMOs including “Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems” (VMEs), ISA’s Areas of Particular Environmental Interest and Preservation Reference Zones.
  • Cross-sectoral ABMTs are those tools that require cooperation and coordination across multiple organizations and bodies, including MPAs and MSP.

References: IUCN Policy Brief V: Understanding Area-based Management Tools and Marine Protected Areas; IUCN's Suggested responses to questions on area based management tools (ABMTs), based on the document entitled, “Chair’s indicative suggestions of clusters of issues and questions to assist further discussions in the informal working groups at the second session of the Preparatory Committee”