Guiding principles and approaches for ABMTs, including MPAs

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From Chair's indicative suggestions document 31/05/17:

The text would set out the principles and approaches guiding the establishment and implementation of area-based management tools, including marine protected areas, such as:

  • cooperation and coordination
  • ecosystem approach;
  • precautionary approach;
  • use of the best available scientific information and knowledge, including traditional knowledge;
  • integrated approach;
  • adaptive approach;
  • respect for the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of coastal States over their continental shelf, including beyond 200 nautical miles where applicable;
  • transparency;
  • accountability;
  • inclusiveness;
  • public participation
  • public access to environmental information.


Suggestion 1: General obligation based on CBD Aichi Target 11[edit | edit source]

Include general obligation that States Parties cooperate to establish a system of effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected marine protected areas in ABNJ.

References: IUCN Policy Brief VI: Options and Approaches for Establishing and Managing Marine Protected Areas in ABNJ, WSSD JPOI, para. 32 (c), CBD COP 10, Decision X/2 (Aichi Target 11), UNGA Res 66/288 (The future we want, para 177)

Suggestion 2: General provision[edit | edit source]

General provision capturing objectives for ABMTs, including MPAs should be based on:

  • cooperation and coordination
  • ecosystem approach;
  • precautionary approach;
  • use of the best available scientific information and knowledge, including traditional knowledge;
  • integrated approach;
  • adaptive approach;
  • respect for the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of coastal States over their continental shelf, including beyond 200 nautical miles where applicable;
  • transparency;
  • accountability;
  • inclusiveness;
  • public participation
  • public access to environmental information.

Also see[edit | edit source]