Guiding principles and approaches for ABMTs, including MPAs
Suggestion 1: General obligation based on CBD Aichi Target 11[edit | edit source]
Include general obligation that States Parties cooperate to establish a system of effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected marine protected areas in ABNJ.
References: IUCN Policy Brief VI: Options and Approaches for Establishing and Managing Marine Protected Areas in ABNJ, WSSD JPOI, para. 32 (c), CBD COP 10, Decision X/2 (Aichi Target 11), UNGA Res 66/288 (The future we want, para 177)
Suggestion 2: General provision[edit | edit source]
General provision capturing objectives for ABMTs, including MPAs should be based on:
- cooperation and coordination
- ecosystem approach;
- precautionary approach;
- use of the best available scientific information and knowledge, including traditional knowledge;
- integrated approach;
- adaptive approach;
- respect for the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of coastal States over their continental shelf, including beyond 200 nautical miles where applicable;
- public participation
- public access to environmental information.