IUCN Marine Biodiversity Matrix:Tool for Draft Convention

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Contents

I. Preamble[edit source]

  • Description of the considerations that led to the development of the instrument, including key concerns and issues
Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 dddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
  • X
  • X
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X


  • Recognition of the central role of UNCLOS for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction
Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 X
  • X
  • X
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X


  • Recognition of other existing relevant legal instruments and frameworks and relevant global, regional and sectoral bodies
Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 X
  • X
  • X
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X
  • Recognition of the need for the comprehensive global regime to better address the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction
Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 X
  • X
  • X
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X


  • Recognition of the need for assistance to enable developing countries, in particular the least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, to participate effectively in the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction
Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 X
  • X
  • X
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X


  • Affirmation that matters not regulated by the Convention or the instrument continue to be governed by the rules and principles of general international law
Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 X
  • X
  • X
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X

II. General Elements[edit source]

A. Use of Terms[edit source]

The text would provide definitions of key terms, bearing in mind the need for consistency with those contained in UNCLOS and other relevant legal instruments and frameworks. Possible key terms to be defined in the instrument include:

  • Areas beyond national jurisdiction
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Biological diversity
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Ecosystem
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Biological resources
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Marine genetic resources
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Genetic material
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Utilization of marine genetic resources
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Sustainable use
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Area-based management tools
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Marine protected areas
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Environmental impact assessments
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Technology
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Biotechnology
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


  • Transfer of marine technology
Suggestion 1 X References/Examples
  • X
Suggestion 2 X
  • X
Suggestion 3 X
  • X


B. Scope / Application[edit source]

The text would set out the scope of application of the instrument from a geographical, material and personal perspective (i.e. scope ratione loci, ratione materiae, ratione personae).

1. Geographical scope[edit source]

The text would state that the instrument applies to areas beyond national jurisdiction. It would state that the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of coastal States over their continental shelf, including beyond 200 nautical miles where applicable, should be respected.

Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 Applies to marine areas beyond national jurisdiction, including the high seas and the Area, as defined in the Convention.
  • UNCLOS Art 1
  • UNCLOS Art 86
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X

2. Material scope[edit source]

The text would set out that the instrument applies to all the elements of the package specified in paragraph 2 of General Assembly resolution 69/292. 1 Some specific definitions of relevance to only one part of the instrument could be included under the respective parts. 2 It could further set out the activities covered by and/or excluded from the scope of application of the instrument.

Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 Applies to processes and activities having a potential impact on ABNJ biodiversity and related to MGR in ABNJ.
  • Stockholm Declaration
  • Principles 21 and 22
  • Trail Smelter Arbitration
  • Nuclear Weapons Advisory Opinion
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X

3. Personal scope[edit source]

The text would set out the States and entities to which the instrument would apply, in a manner similar to the provisions of the United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement (article 1).

Suggestion Text References/Examples
1 For the purposes of this Agreement:

"States Parties" means States which have consented to be bound by this Agreement and for which the Agreement is in force.

This Agreement applies to:

(i)...

(ii)...

  • UNFSA Article 5
2 X
  • X
3 X
  • X

C. Objective(s)[edit source]

The text would set out that the objective of the instrument is to ensure the long-term conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction through effective implementation of the relevant provisions of UNCLOS. It could further set out additional objectives, as considered necessary, such as the furthering of international cooperation and coordination.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

D. Relationship to UNCLOS and other instruments and frameworks and relevant global, regional and sectoral bodies[edit source]

With regard to the relationship to UNCLOS, the text would state that nothing in the instrument shall prejudice the rights, jurisdiction and duties of States under UNCLOS. It would further state that the instrument shall be interpreted and applied in the context of and in a manner consistent with UNCLOS. The text would also state that the instrument should not undermine existing relevant legal instruments and frameworks and relevant global, regional and sectoral bodies.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

III. Conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction[edit source]

A. General principles and approaches[edit source]

Similar to the approach in article 5 of the United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement, the text would set out the general principles and approaches guiding the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction, such as:

  • Respect for the balance of rights, obligations and interests enshrined in UNCLOS;
  • Due regard for the rights of others;
  • Respect for the rights and jurisdiction of coastal States over all areas under their national jurisdiction, including their continental shelves beyond 200 nautical miles where applicable;
  • International cooperation and coordination;
  • Duty not to transform one type of pollution into another;
  • Use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction for peaceful purposes only; 3
  • Ecosystem approach;
  • Use of the best available scientific information;
  • Public participation;
  • Transparency; and
  • Intra- and inter-generational equity.

Some of these principles and approaches would be included in a separate article similar to the approach in article 6 of the United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement. Some of these principles and approaches would be included in the preamble.

Suggestion 1 Refer to relevant principles drawn from the UNCLOS Convention, such as:
  • Freedom of the High Seas (Art 87)
  • Duty of States to adopt with respect to their nationals measures for conservation of living resources of the high seas (Art 117)
  • Common heritage of mankind with respect to the Area (Art 136)
  • Activities in the Area carried out for benefit of mankind (Art 140)
  • Protection and preservation of the Marine Environment (Art 192)
  • Cooperation on a global/regional basis (Art 197)
  • Assessment of effects of activities (Art 206)
  • Right to and principles for MSR (Arts 238, 240)
  • Technology transfer (Art 266)
Suggestion 2 Obligations related to conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in ABNJ such as:
  • adopt measures to ensure long term conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity and its components in ABNJ;
  • prevent/minimize pollution
  • prevent/eliminate overfishing
  • particularly protect those marine ecosystems which have long recovery times following disturbance;
  • incorporate knowledge of the impacts of other human activities and environmental factors;
  • collect and share, in a timely manner, complete and accurate data;
  • promote and conduct scientific research and develop appropriate technologies in support of conservation and management of marine biodiversity and its components in ABNJ;
  • implement conservation and management measures through effective monitoring, control and surveillance;
  • ensure compliance with conservation and management measures and provide adequate sanctions for violations.
  • References/Examples: UNFSA, Art 5 (general principles), SPRFMO Convention Art 3 (list of principles)

B. International cooperation[edit source]

The text would set out the obligation of States to cooperate, either directly or through the competent international organizations, for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction, and elaborate on the content and modalities of this obligation.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X

C. Marine genetic resources, including questions on the sharing of benefits[edit source]

1. Scope[edit source]

The text would set out the geographical and material scope of application of this section of the instrument.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X

2. Guiding principles and approaches[edit source]

The text would set out the principles and approaches guiding the conservation and sustainable use of marine genetic resources of areas beyond national jurisdiction, including questions on the sharing of benefits, such as respect for the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of coastal States over their continental shelf, including beyond 200 nautical miles where applicable.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X

3. Access and benefit-sharing[edit source]

3.1 Access to marine genetic resources of areas beyond national jurisdiction[edit source]

The text would recall Part XIII of UNCLOS, including articles 256 and 257, as well as articles 238 to 244. It would further address issues relating to access to marine genetic resources of areas beyond national jurisdiction, including how to facilitate access. 2 This is a cross-cutting issue. 4

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
3.2 Sharing of benefits from the utilization of marine genetic resources[edit source]
3.2.1 Objectives[edit source]

The text would set out the objectives of benefit-sharing, such as:

  • contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction; and
  • building capacity to access and use of marine genetic resources of areas beyond national jurisdiction.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
3.2.2 Principles guiding benefit-sharing[edit source]

The text would set out the principles guiding benefit-sharing, such as:

  • being beneficial to current and future generations; and
  • not being detrimental to research and development.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
3.2.3 Benefits[edit source]

Drawing on relevant instruments, the text would set out the types of benefits that could be shared at different stages, such as non-monetary benefits.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
3.2.4 Benefit-sharing modalities[edit source]

The text would set out modalities for the sharing of benefits, drawing from existing instruments and frameworks. It would provide for the establishment of a clearing-house mechanism.3

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
3.3. Intellectual property rights[edit source]

The text would set out the relationship between the instrument and intellectual property rights.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X

4. Monitoring of the utilization of marine genetic resources of areas beyond national jurisdiction[edit source]

The text would set out modalities for monitoring the utilization of marine genetic resources of areas beyond national jurisdiction.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

5. Clearing-house mechanism[edit source]

The text would set out the modalities and functions of a clearing-house mechanism with regard to marine genetic resources, including questions on the sharing of benefits.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

6. Capacity building and transfer of marine technology[edit source]

The text would recognize the special requirements of developing countries. It would set out specific forms of cooperation with those countries and the special assistance they may receive.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

D. Measures such as area-based management tools, including marine protected areas[edit source]

1. Objectives of area-based management tools, including marine protected areas[edit source]

The text would set out the objectives that area-based management tools, including marine protected areas, would need to meet, such as the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

2. Guiding principles and approaches[edit source]

The text would set out the principles and approaches guiding the establishment and implementation of area-based management tools, including marine protected areas, such as:

  • cooperation and coordination;
  • ecosystem approach;
  • precautionary approach;
  • use of the best available scientific information and knowledge, including traditional knowledge;
  • integrated approach;
  • adaptive approach;
  • respect for the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of coastal States over their continental shelf, including beyond 200 nautical miles where applicable;
  • transparency;
  • accountability;
  • inclusiveness;
  • public participation; and
  • public access to environmental information.

4 The details could also be included in part V. 5 This is a cross-cutting issue. 6

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

3. Process for the establishment of area-based management tools, including marine protected areas[edit source]

The text would set out the steps of the process for the establishment of area-based management tools, including marine protected areas, including the relevant roles and responsibilities.

3.1 Identification of areas[edit source]

The text would set out that the identification of areas requiring protection would be based on existing scientific standards and criteria, such as:

  • uniqueness;
  • rarity;
  • vulnerability;
  • fragility;
  • sensitivity;
  • biological or ecological productivity and diversity;
  • representativeness;
  • dependency; and
  • naturalness.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X
3.2 Designation process[edit source]
3.2.1 Proposal[edit source]

The text would set out who can make proposals for the establishment of area-based management tools, including marine protected areas. It would also set out the elements to be included in the proposals, such as:

  • geographic/spatial description;
  • threats/vulnerabilities and values;
  • objectives;
  • existing measures in the area or areas adjacent to it;
  • specific human activities to be managed; and
  • monitoring and review plans.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X
3.2.2 Consultation on and assessment of the proposal[edit source]

The text would set out a process for consultations on the proposal with relevant global, regional and sectoral bodies, adjacent coastal States, and other relevant stakeholders. It would also set out a process for a scientific assessment of the proposal.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X
3.2.3 Decision-making[edit source]

The text would set out how decisions on the establishment of area-based management tools would be made, including who would make the decision and on what basis.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

4. Implementation[edit source]

The text would set out the responsibility of States Parties to the instrument, including flag States, to implement the measures adopted for a particular area. It could also include provisions relating to competent international organizations.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

5. Relationship to existing measures[edit source]

The text would set out the relationship between measures adopted under the instrument and existing measures adopted under relevant legal instruments and frameworks and relevant global, regional and sectoral bodies. The text would also address the relationship between measures adopted under the instrument and those established by adjacent States, including issues of compatibility.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

6. Clearing-house mechanism[edit source]

The text would set out the modalities and functions of a clearing-house mechanism with regard to area-based management tools, including marine protected areas.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

7. Capacity-building and transfer of marine technology[edit source]

The text would recognize the special requirements of developing countries and set out forms of cooperation in the establishment and implementation of area-based management tools, including marine protected areas.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

8. Monitoring and review[edit source]

The text would set out a framework to assess the effectiveness of the area-based management tools, including marine protected areas, and required follow-up action.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

E. Environmental impact assessments[edit source]

1. Obligation to conduct environmental impact assessments[edit source]

Based on article 206 of UNCLOS, the text would set out the obligation for States to assess the potential effects of planned activities under their jurisdiction or control in areas beyond national jurisdiction. 6 The details could also be included in part V. 8

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

2. Guiding principles and approaches[edit source]

The text would set out the principles and approaches guiding the conduct of environmental impact assessments in areas beyond national jurisdiction, such as:

  • transparency;
  • public availability of environmental impact assessment reports;
  • public participation;
  • ecosystem approach;
  • precautionary approach;
  • use of the best available scientific information;
  • respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of coastal States;
  • respect for the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of coastal States over their continental shelf, including beyond 200 nautical miles where applicable.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

3. Activities for which an environmental impact assessment is required[edit source]

The text would set out the threshold and criteria for undertaking environmental impact assessments, including how to operationalize article 206 of UNCLOS in respect of areas beyond national jurisdiction.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

4. Environmental impact assessment process[edit source]

The text would set out and elaborate the procedural steps in the conduct of environmental impact assessments, such as:

  • screening;
  • scoping;
  • access to information;
  • public notification and consultation at the global level;
  • independent scientific review; and
  • consideration and publication of reports.

It would set out the need for coordination with existing competent international organizations (see also sub-section 6 below). The text would also address decision-making following the environmental impact assessment, including on whether an activity would proceed or not and under which conditions.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

5. Content of environmental impact assessment reports[edit source]

Drawing from existing international instruments, the text would specify the required content of environmental impact assessment reports, such as: 9

  • description of the activities;
  • description of the potential environmental impacts, including cumulative impacts;
  • description of the environment likely to be affected;
  • description of the measures for avoiding, preventing and mitigating impacts; and
  • description of the follow-up actions, including monitoring and management programmes.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

6. Relationship to existing environmental impact assessment measures under relevant legal instruments and frameworks and relevant global, regional and sectoral bodies[edit source]

The text would set out the relationship to existing environmental impact assessment measures under relevant legal instruments and frameworks and relevant global, regional and sectoral bodies.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

7. Clearing-house mechanism[edit source]

The text would set out the modalities and functions of a clearing-house mechanism with regard to environmental impact assessments.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

8. Capacity-building and transfer of marine technology[edit source]

The text would recognize the special requirements of developing countries and set out forms of cooperation in the conduct of environmental impact assessments.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

9. Monitoring and review[edit source]

Based on article 204 of UNCLOS, the text would set out the obligation to undertake monitoring and review of the impacts of authorized activities in areas beyond national jurisdiction. It would specify who would be responsible for performing such monitoring and review and what follow-up could be taken.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

F. Capacity building and transfer of marine technology[edit source]

1. Objectives of capacity-building and transfer of marine technology[edit source]

The text would set out the objectives of capacity building and the transfer of marine technology, such as:

  • supporting the achievement of conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction;
  • strengthening human and institutional capacities; and

7 The details could also be included in part V. 8 Capacity-building and transfer of marine technology could feature in a dedicated section or be mainstreamed across the other sections. 10

  • developing marine scientific and technological capacities of States.

The special requirements of developing countries would be recognized.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

2. Principles and approaches guiding capacity-building and transfer of marine technology[edit source]

The text would set out principles and approaches guiding capacity-building and the transfer of marine technology, such as:

  • being country-driven;
  • being responsive to periodically assessed needs and priorities of developing countries;
  • being long-term and sustainable;
  • resulting in co-benefits for providers and recipients;
  • international cooperation;
  • involving participation of all stakeholders, including from the private sector; and
  • preferential treatment for developing countries.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

3. Types of and modalities for capacity-building and transfer of marine technology[edit source]

Drawing on existing instruments, the text could include an indicative, non-exhaustive, list, which could be developed at a later stage, of broad categories of types of capacity-building and transfer of marine technology as well as modalities.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

4. Clearing-house mechanism[edit source]

The text would set out the modalities and functions of a clearing-house mechanism with regard to capacity-building and the transfer of marine technology.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

5. Funding[edit source]

The text would recognize the need for sustainable funding for capacity-building and transfer of marine technology.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

6. Monitoring, review and follow-up[edit source]

The text would set out modalities for monitoring and review to assess the effectiveness of capacity-building and transfer of marine technology activities, and required follow-up action. 9 The details could also be included in part V. 11

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

IV. Institutional arrangements[edit source]

A. Decision-making body/forum[edit source]

The text would set out an institutional framework for decision-making, as well as the functions that could be performed, such as:

  • adopting its rules of procedure;
  • reviewing implementation of the instrument;
  • making decisions and recommendations related to the implementation of the instrument; and
  • establishing subsidiary bodies as required for the performance of its functions.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

B. Scientific/Technical body[edit source]

The text would provide for the establishment of a scientific/technical body and the composition of such a body. It would also set out the functions that such a body would perform, such as providing advice to the decision-making body/forum on matters related to the implementation of the instrument.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

C. Secretariat[edit source]

The text would provide for a secretariat and the functions that it could perform, such as:

  • providing administrative and logistical support;
  • reporting to States parties on matters related to the implementation of the instrument and developments related to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction as they arise;
  • convening and servicing the meetings of the decision-making body/forum, the scientific/technical body and any subsidiary bodies as may be established by the decision-making body/forum;
  • circulating information relating to the implementation of the instrument;
  • ensuring the necessary coordination with the secretariats of other relevant international bodies;
  • providing assistance for the implementation of the instrument; and
  • performing other secretariat functions specified in the instrument and such other functions as may be determined by the decision-making body/forum.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

V. Clearing-house mechanism[edit source]

The text would set out the obligation to facilitate the exchange of information relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. 12 It would provide for the establishment of a clearing-house mechanism, and set out its modalities and functions, such as:

  • dissemination of information, data and knowledge resulting from research relating to marine genetic resources of areas beyond national jurisdiction;
  • dissemination of information relating to area-based management tools, including marine protected areas;
  • dissemination of information on environmental impact assessments;
  • facilitation of technical and scientific cooperation;
  • sharing of information on research programmes, projects and initiatives;
  • sharing of information on available education and training opportunities; and
  • sharing of information on funding opportunities.
Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

VI. Financial resources and mechanism[edit source]

The text would address financial issues relating to the operations of the instrument, including a funding mechanism.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

VII. Implementation[edit source]

The text would address issues of compliance and enforcement.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

VII. Settlement of disputes[edit source]

Drawing on existing dispute settlement provisions, such as those of the Charter of the United Nations, UNCLOS (Part XV) and the United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement (Part VIII), the text would set out the obligation to settle disputes by peaceful means as well as the need to cooperate to prevent disputes. It would also set out the modalities for settling disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the instrument.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

IX. Responsibility and liability[edit source]

Bearing in mind UNCLOS and the International Law Commission Draft articles on the responsibility of States for internationally wrongful acts, the text could address issues relating to responsibility and liability.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

X. Review[edit source]

Drawing on the reviews conducted pursuant to article 154 of UNCLOS and article 36 of the United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement, the text could set out that the effectiveness of the instrument in achieving its objectives would be periodically reviewed.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X

XI. Final clauses[edit source]

The text would set out the final clauses of the instrument.

Suggestion 1 X
Suggestion 2 X
Suggestion 3 X