Marine genetic resources definition

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Suggestion 1: Use CBD and Nagoya Protocol definitions[edit | edit source]

Adapt definitions already agreed on in the CBD and Nagoya Protocol. E.g.:

  • “Marine genetic material” means any material of plant, animal, microbial or other origin, found in the marine environment, containing functional units of heredity ;
  • “Marine genetic resources” means marine genetic material of actual or potential value;
  • “Utilization of marine genetic resources” means to conduct research and development on the genetic and/or biochemical composition of marine genetic resources, including through the application of biotechnology;
  • “Biotechnology” means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use;
  • “Derivative” means a naturally occurring biochemical compound resulting from the genetic expression or metabolism of biological or genetic resources, even if it does not contain functional units of heredity

References: CBD Art 2, Nagoya Protocol Art 2

Suggestion 2: Define Utilization of marine genetic resources[edit | edit source]

Utilization of marine genetic resources means to conduct research and development on the genetic and/or biochemical composition of marine genetic resources, including through the application of biotechnology

References: Article 2 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Suggestion 2: Define MSR[edit | edit source]

UNCLOS does not currently define marine scientific research. Develop a new definition through a consultative process

Suggestion 3: Additional definitions[edit | edit source]

Include additional definitions such as:

  • In situ resources, ex situ resources, data (broad definition)
  • Commercial and non-commercial research
  • Change of intent (i.e. change from purely research to commercial intent).