Marine spatial planning definition
Suggestion 1: Based on EU MSP definition[edit | edit source]
Marine spatial planning (MSP) means a process by which the relevant States and competent authorities analyse and organise human activities in marine areas to achieve ecological, economic and social objectives
References: EU Directive 2014/89/EU, Art 3
Suggestion 2: Apply the more detailed UNESCO IOC definition[edit | edit source]
Marine spatial planning is a public process of analysing and allocating the spatial and temporal distribution of human activities in marine areas to achieve ecological, economic, and social objectives that usually have been specified through a political process. Characteristics of marine spatial planning include ecosystem-based, area-based, integrated, adaptive, strategic and participatory.
Suggestion 3:[edit | edit source]
Marine spatial planning is across-sectoral ABMT that provides a framework for the orderly and sustainable use of the oceans as envisioned by UNCLOS with a view to balance demands for development with the need to protect the marine environment. Sectoral ABMTs (e.g. fisheries closures, PSSAs, APEIs), other cross- sectoral ABMTs (e.g. MPAs), strategic environmental assessments (SEAs) and EIAs are an integral part of this overarching planning approach. Marine spatial planning approaches would be ecosystem-based, adaptive and include all relevant stakeholders in the area under consideration.