Monitoring and review of ABMTs, including MPAs

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From the procedural report of the BBNJ Preparatory Committee, 31/07/17 :

The text would set out provisions for assessing the effectiveness of area- based management tools, including marine protected areas, and subsequent follow-up action, bearing in mind the need for an adaptive approach.

From the President's aid to discussion, 25/06/18:

Taking into account possible approaches as indicated in 4.3 above, the manner in which the instrument would provide for the assessment of the effectiveness of area-based management tools, including marine protected areas, and the subsequent follow-up actions that would be set out in the instrument, bearing in mind the need for an adaptive approach.

(a) Who would be responsible for such assessments?

(b) Who could decide on the follow-up actions?

Suggestion 1: States to report on actions taken directly and through competent international organisations[edit | edit source]

States Parties cooperate, directly, through competent international organizations and pursuant to this agreement, to report annually to the decision making body on actions taken with respect to the development and application of area-based management measures relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity and its components in ABNJ. Reports include responses to any decisions or recommendations of the decision making body See Reporting Requirements, section 6.3.1 page 36.

References: UNGA Res. A/61/105 para 91 (SG to report on actions taken by States and RFMOs), OSPAR Recommendation 2012/1,5.1 on Implementation reports

Suggestion 2: Responses to decisions of the decision-making body[edit | edit source]

Reports include responses to any decisions or recommendations of the decision-making body .

References:

Suggestion 3: Information to be made publicly available[edit | edit source]

States Parties make publicly available information regarding adopted area-based management measures for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity and its components in ABNJ

References: UNGA Resolution 61/105, para 87

Suggestion 4: Decision making body to regularly review[edit | edit source]

In keeping under review the implementation of the agreement, the decision making body includes a regular review of area-based management measures taken by States Parties, competent international organizations and other bodies, and the status of the development of a system of MPAs, with a view to developing recommendations for improving their effectiveness, coherence and sufficiency.

References: UNGA Res. A/61/105 para 91 (reporting on actions taken by States and RFMOs)

Suggestion 5: Scientific body tasked to perform the review and provide recommendations to decision making body[edit | edit source]

A subsidiary body (e.g. scientific committee) is charged with the provision of advice and formulation of recommendations to the Parties in connection with implementation of the agreement, including on:

  • The status of area-based management measures adopted by competent international bodies pursuant to this agreement
  • The effectiveness of the measures taken pursuant to this agreement
  • The need to update, strengthen or otherwise improve such measures
  • The need for additional measures

References: Madrid Protocol, Art 12 Functions of the Committee

Suggestion 6: Competent international organizations invited to respond to the recommendations[edit | edit source]

Decision-making body invites States Parties and competent international organizations to respond to the recommendations within a specified time (e.g. 2 years) and to report on their progress annually.

References: UNGA Res. A/61/105 para 91 (reporting on actions taken by States and RFMOs)

Suggestion 7: Provision on development of mapping and global data base[edit | edit source]

States Parties cooperate directly, through competent international organisations and pursuant to this agreement and the Convention, or though a decision-making body established under this agreement:

  • To understand and map existing patterns of human use of and impacts on the marine environment in ABNJ;
  • To map ecologically or biologically significant areas and other critical and sensitive areas and vulnerable marine areas in ABNJ, with reference to relevant international criteria;
  • To establish a global database of area-based management measures adopted in ABNJ;
  • To collect and map other relevant information.

References: UNCLOS Art 200 (research, information), UNGA Res. 61/105 para 90 (global database on VMEs), FAO VME database, CBD COP Decision X/29 (EBSA information repository), EBSA Repository and Information-Sharing Mechanism, EMODnet, Obis, OSPAR MPA Map Tool

Index[edit | edit source]

See also: