Objectives of ABMTs, including MPAs
[edit | edit source]
List obligations for area-based conservation based on CBD Art 8. These could include obligations to:
- Establish a system of ecologically representative and well-connected marine protected areas and adopt other area-based management measures where special measures need to be taken to conserve marine biological diversity in ABNJ;
- Apply internationally agreed scientific criteria and guidelines for the selection of marine protected areas or areas where special measures need to be taken to conserve biological diversity;
- Regulate or manage marine activities or resources important for the conservation of marine biological diversity in ABNJ whether within or outside MPAs with a view to ensuring conservation and sustainable use;
- Promote the protection of ecosystems, natural habitats and maintenance of viable populations of species in natural surroundings.
- Integrate conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity into decision-making
- Adopt measures to avoid or minimize adverse impacts on marine biological diversity in ABNJ
References: CBD Art 8 (In-situ conservation), CBD Art 10 (sustainable use of components of marine biodiversity), Aichi Target 11, UNFSA, Art 10 (c) (in fulfilling obligation to cooperate, States shall adopt and apply any generally recommended international minimum standards)
Suggestion 2: Specify set of objectives for MPA systems[edit | edit source]
Provide for a system of MPAs to be established to achieve specified objectives. Objectives could be based on a combination of existing and new objectives, with reference to objectives listed in regional seas conventions.
CCAMLR Marine Protected Area objectives include:
- the protection of representative examples of marine ecosystems, biodiversity and habitats [at an appropriate scale to maintain their viability and integrity in the long term;]
- the protection of key ecosystem processes, habitats and species, including populations and lifehistory stages;
- the establishment of scientific reference areas for monitoring natural variability and long-term change or for monitoring the effects of harvesting and other human activities on Antarctic marine living resources and on the ecosystems of which they form part;
- the protection of areas vulnerable to impact by human activities, including unique, rare or highly biodiverse habitats and features;
- the protection of features critical to the function of local ecosystems;
- the protection of areas to maintain resilience or the ability to adapt to the effects of climate change.
References: CCAMLR Conservation Measure 91-04, OSPAR Guidelines for the Identification and Selection of MPAs, OSPAR Guidance on Developing an Ecologically Coherent Network Of OSPAR MPAs, SPA/BD Protocol to the Barcelona Convention Art 4 (objectives)
Suggestion 3: Recognize role for both ABMTs and MPAs[edit | edit source]
Recognize a role for both ABMTs and more comprehensively managed MPAs, as well as a suite of other conservation tools, recognizing that MPAs should be long term conservation of nature. This includes protecting all the features of conservation importance within their boundaries, including the overall health, diversity, productivity and resilience of the ecosystem.
Notes: There is a role for both sectorally focused Area Based Management Tools and more comprehensively managed MPAs, as well as a suite of other conservation tools in conserving marine biodiversity resources in ABNJ. Sectoral Area Based Management Tools -- such as IMO Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas, traffic routing systems; MARPOL Special Areas; RFMO temporal or spatial closed areas such as “Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems” (VMEs), ISA’s Areas of Particular Environmental Interest and Preservation Reference Zones -- provide important complementary protection.Sectorial ABMTs complement but do not negate the need for MPAs. Establishing a strong MPAs system is important as it offers advantages over sectorial tools, which are often targeted at one use, may be short term, and do not necessarily provide comprehensive protection for the full range of features in an area.
Suggestion 4: Climate change objectives[edit | edit source]
Climate related objectives relating to:
- enhancing carbon storage and buffer acidification,
- promoting genetic diversity that supports adaptation,
- preventing release of carbon stored in seafloor sediments,
- protecting apex predators that confer system stability, and
- increasing population size and consequently resiliency and provide stepping stones for climate migration.
Index[edit | edit source]
- Objectives of ABMTs, including MPAs
- Relationship to measures under relevant instruments, frameworks and bodies
- Process in relation to ABMTs, including MPAs
- Implementation of ABMTs, including MPAs
- Monitoring and review of ABMTs, including MPAs