Obligation to conduct EIAs
Suggestion 1: Obligation to ensure EIA is taken[edit | edit source]
Impose obligation on States to ensure EIAs are undertaken for activities or processes within their jurisdiction or control with potential to cause harm to biodiversity or the marine environment in ABNJ.
References:IUCN Policy Brief VIII: Options for Environmental Impact Assessments UNCLOS Art 206, UNCLOS Art 194.2 (all measures necessary to not cause damage to other States or ABNJ), CBD Art 4 (Jurisdictional Scope), CBD Art 7 (identification and monitoring), Espoo Convention Art 2(3), UNGA Res. 61/105, paras. 83-89 (significant adverse impacts)
Suggestion 2: Obligation to undertake SEA[edit | edit source]
Impose obligation on States to conduct SEA of plans and programmes under their jurisdiction or control with potential to cause harm to biodiversity or the marine environment in ABNJ.
References: Kiev Protocol Art 4 (field of application concerning plans and programmes)
Suggestion 3: Basic standards[edit | edit source]
Operationalize obligation by including basic standards for transparency, consultation and obligation to adopt measures to avoid significant adverse impacts in the instrument. Other standards and best practice guidelines could be developed by the instrument's scientific and technical body.
Also see[edit | edit source]
- Relationship to EIA processes under relevant instruments, frameworks, and bodies
- Activities for which EIA is required
- EIA process
- Content of EIA reports
- Monitoring, report, and review of EIAs
- Strategic Environmental Assessments