Proposal - Designation Process for ABMTs/MPAs

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From the procedural report of the BBNJ Preparatory Committee, 31/07/17 :

The text would contain provisions on proposals related to area-based management tools, including marine protected areas.

When considering marine protected areas, and other area-based management tools where relevant, the elements of the proposal should include:

  • geographic/spatial description;
  • threats/vulnerabilities and values;
  • ecological factors related to identification criteria;
  • scientific data concerning the standards and criteria for the identification of the area;
  • conservation and sustainable use objectives;
  • the role of relevant global, regional and sectoral bodies;
  • existing measures in the area or areas adjacent to it;
  • specific human activities in the area;
  • socio-economic considerations;
  • a draft management plan; and
  • monitoring, research and review plan.

President's aid to discussion 25/06/18

(a) Taking into account possible approaches indicated in 4.3 above, as well as the elements of proposals related to marine protected areas, and other area-based management tools where relevant, included in section III of the report of the Preparatory Committee, what other elements would be included in the instrument? Elements to consider may include:

(i) Who can make proposals?

(ii) Who would the proposals be submitted to?

(iii) The content of the proposals, including the duration of the proposed measure.

Suggestion 1: States, IOs, Experts, NGOs can make proposals[edit | edit source]

Entities entitled to submit an MPA proposal may include:

  • States Parties to the agreement
  • Relevant competent international organizations
  • A subsidiary body (e.g. scientific committee) established pursuant to the instrument
  • An accredited group of scientific experts
  • Accredited NGOs

Note: An open and consistent method for proposing MPAs under an international framework is necessary to begin the process of establishing individual MPAs and networks of MPAs. Allowing submission of proposals by States Parties (individually or collectively), a scientific or technical advisory committee under the new Agreement, a competent intergovernmental and/or sectoral organizations, non-governmental organizations, civil society, and constituencies of indigenous peoples and local communities with relevant traditional knowledge would allow for a more comprehensive and participatory process.

References: Madrid Protocol, Annex V, Art 5 (procedure for submitting proposal by any Party, the Environment Committee, the Scientific Committee, or CCAMLR); IUCN Policy Brief VI on Options and Approaches for Establishing and Managing Marine Protected Areas in ABNJ

Suggestion 2: Only states can make proposals[edit | edit source]

States Parties may make proposals.

Proposals shall undergo an extensive and inclusive consultation period with relevant international organizations, scientific experts, civil society and traditional knowledge holders.

References: IGC 1 Statement of Korea

Suggestion 3: Global decision-making body[edit | edit source]

A global decision-making body could be empowered under the new instrument to identify, consult on and adopt protective measures for MPAs.

References: Article 4, UNFSA; Article 22, CBD

Suggestion 4: Decision-making body to develop specific criteria and guidelines for proposals[edit | edit source]

Provide for the decision-making body to develop specific obligations, including scientific criteria and guidelines for the selection of marine protected areas and other areas where special measures need to be taken to conserve marine biological diversity.

References: UNCLOS Art 201, scientific criteria for regulations, UNFSA Art 5 (general principles)

Suggestion 5: Time limits on ABMTs[edit | edit source]

MPAs would be established without time limit and with the primary objective of long term conservation of nature.

Sectoral ABMTs may be time-limited according to their objectives.

References:

Index[edit | edit source]

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