Scope - Marine Genetic Resources, including benefit sharing
Suggestion 1: ABS covers MGR originating in the high seas and the Area[edit | edit source]
The agreement covers MGR originating in all areas beyond national jurisdiction.
Note: it will be difficult to implement a system that distinguishes between marine genetic resources found in the deep seabed and subsoil and those found in the water column. It is not straightforward to determine whether a species is found on the seabed or in the water column at the time of access. Many organisms may move between these spaces at different points in their life cycles, and information about this is largely lacking.
Suggestion 2: Distinguish between resources harvested as commodities and resources harvested for MGR[edit | edit source]
The agreement would cover all biological resources used for the purpose of their genetic resources. It would exclude resources used as commodities.
References: Convention on Biological Diversity; Nagoya Protocol.
[edit | edit source]
Clarify that ABS regime covers access to MGR in situ and ex situ.
Note: Excluding ex situ would leave a loophole where MGR are taken from the sea as commodities and subsequently accessed for the purpose of genetic research.
References: Norwegian Biobank Marbank
Suggestion 4: Digital Sequence Information[edit | edit source]
The scope of this agreement in relation to digital sequence information should align with the results of the discussion under the CBD and Nagoya Protocol.
References: CBD COP Decision XIII/16, “Digital sequence information on genetic resources”.
Also see[edit | edit source]
- Scope of application of Instrument
- Access and Benefit Sharing of Marine Genetic Resources
- Monitoring of the utilization of marine genetic resources of areas beyond national jurisdiction
- Guiding Principles and Approaches for Marine Genetic Resources
- Clearing-house mechanism for Marine Genetic Resources
- Capacity building and transfer of marine technology for Marine Genetic Resources