Talk:Transfer of marine technology definition
Transfer of Marine Technology:
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is a legal order for the oceans and seas. Part XIV deals with the Transfer of Marine Technology and is inspired by the Principle of No Discrimination: The Transfer of Marine Technology was placed in the Agenda of UNCLOS to ensure the exploration and exploitation of the seabed and the areas for developing countries.
Part XIV encourages States and International Organizations to cooperate in promoting the development and transfer of marine technology on fair and reasonable terms and conditions in order to help developing countries to access the benefits of Oceans and Seas.
Technology and innovation are needed to exploit the huge wealth that can be derived from ocean and sea related activities in a sustainable manner. Transfer of Marine Technology (TMT) plays a key role in the development of countries through:
- Exploitation and Exploration of Marine Resources;
- Navigation Safety;
- Preservation of the Marine Environment;
- Prevention of Disasters
Criteria and Guidelines on Transfer of Marine Technology:
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) promotes the establishment of Criteria and Guidelines for the Transfer of Marine Technology, particularly taking into account, the interest and needs of developing countries.
These Criteria and Guidelines are an essential tool for facilitating the transfer of marine technology to developing countries.
The XXII Session of the Assembly of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (2003) adopted the "IOC Criteria and Guidelines on Transfer of Marine Technology" (CGTMT) drawn up by the Advisory Body of Experts on the Law of the Sea following the mandate established in Article 271 of UNCLOS.
The guiding principle of the CGTMT is that the Transfer of Marine Technology must always be conducted on fair and reasonable terms and conditions and should enable all parties concerned to benefit on an equitable basis from developments in marine science related activities, particularly those aiming at stimulating the social and economic contexts in developing countries. Thus, the IOC CGTMT is:
- A non-binding tool for potential suppliers and institutions
- Essentially operational, project-oriented
- Complimentary to other mechanisms
- Possibility of periodic review