Types of and modalities for capacity-building and transfer of marine technology
Suggestion 1: Capacity building obligation[edit | edit source]
Obligation for all Contracting Parties to cooperate directly and through international and regional institutions and organizations in capacity-building, capacity development, and training in key areas related to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in ABNJ.
The key areas should be listed in the agreement or subsequently developed by the decision-making body. They could include:
- Capacity to implement and comply with the agreement
- Capacity to develop, implement and enforce domestic legislation, administrative or policy measures for implementation of the agreement
- Capacity to develop marine scientific research capabilities
References: UNCLOS Art 268 (basic objectives), UNCLOS Art 202 (scientific and technical assistance), UNCLOS Art 203 (developing States), UNFSA Art 25 (forms of cooperation), Nagoya Protocol Art 22 (list of key areas), UNFCCC Art 9 (subsidiary body for capacity building), Cartagena Protocol, Art 22.2 (capacity building)
Suggestion 2: Capacity building measures[edit | edit source]
Measures to promote capacity building development may include inter alia:
- Legal, policy, scientific and institutional developments;
- Monitoring and enforcement compliance;
- Promotion of ABS;
- Special measures to increase capacity of relevant stakeholders;
- Technology transfer
Suggestion 3: Reporting requirements[edit | edit source]
Information on capacity building and development initiatives at national, regional and international levels undertaken in accordance with the provisions of this agreement should be provided to the relevant bodies established under this agreement.
Suggestion 4: Detailed provisions to implement UNCLOS requirements on technology transfer[edit | edit source]
Based on UNCLOS requirements, include specific provisions on technology transfer, such as:
- Clarification of the material scope of technology transfer (e.g. actual transfer of hardware)
- Clarification of the nature of transfer (voluntary or mandatory)
- Institutional structure for facilitating technology transfer, such as Clearing House mechanism
- Mechanisms for involving the private sector
- Intellectual property rights protections
References: UNCLOS Arts 242, 244.2, CBD Art 16 (IP) CBD Art 18 (technical and scientific cooperation), 1994 Implementing Agreement on Part XI Section 5 (private sector), Minamata Convention Art 13 (private sector), TRIPS Agreement Art 7, Art 40 (IP)
Suggestion 5: General obligation on technology transfer[edit | edit source]
Provide obligation to enhance implementation of UNCLOS requirements for technology transfer, with reference to IOC Criteria and Guidelines for the Transfer of Marine Technology. This should include an obligation to cooperate directly and through competent regional and international organizations to support, facilitate and promote technology transfer as well as to cooperate in such transfer activities.
References: UNCLOS Part XIV, UNCLOS Art 144 (needs of developing states), IOC Criteria and Guidelines for the Transfer of Marine Technology, Montreal Protocol Art 10A (technology transfer), Minamata Convention Art 14 (tech transfer)
Suggestion 6: Assessment of marine technology needs in developing countries[edit | edit source]
Provide for an assessment of marine technology needs of developing countries, undertaken by public and private partners. It could include technology that may be available to be transferred from developed countries. Notes: Some of the technologies and mechanisms that could give support to advancing science and innovation in developing countries may be:
- IT infrastructure, that would allow advanced data analysis and storage of data;
- Access to AUVs and ROVs (deep submergence vehicles) fitted with high resolution cameras, which could be used to map extensive seafloor habitats & define megafaunal species distributions;
- Acoustic & sampling devices (e.g. multi-beam echo sounding, acoustic underwater positioning systems for deep-water mapping);
- High-resolution, large-scale and long-term data collection as well as sharing mechanisms;
- Molecular tools for high-resolution observation of microbes to larger invertebrates that would allow sequencing of DNA at sea and back on shore; and
- Innovative financial mechanisms for marine technologies.
Suggestion 7: Reporting on tech transfer[edit | edit source]
Information on tech transfer activities should be provided to the relevant bodies established under this agreement.
Suggestion 8: Mechanism for enhancing access, collaboration, training, socio-economic benefits and facilitating public and private involvement[edit | edit source]
Establish a mechanism for enhancing:
- access to samples, data and knowledge, including the publication and sharing of scientific knowledge;
- collaboration and international cooperation in scientific research projects and programs, including south-south and triangular cooperation;
- scientific and training and access to resources, research infrastructure and technology;
- socio-economic benefits (e.g. research directed to priority needs such as health and security); and
- facilitating the involvement of public and private sectors and multi-stakeholder partnerships.
Suggestion 9: Create mechanism to assist developing countries to meet regulatory requirements[edit | edit source]
Provision for mechanism to assist developing states in drafting legislation and associated regulatory, scientific and technical requirements at a national or regional level and to design institutions to enable them to effectively implement various components of an implementing agreement. Notes: Capacity building should address needs related to all relevant natural and social sciences, both basic and applied, including oceanography, ocean economics and law.
Suggestion 10: Mechanism to enhance the participation of scientists from developing countries[edit | edit source]
With respect to marine scientific research, provide for a mechanism to enhance the participation of scientists from developing countries.
Suggestion 11: IOC play role in coordination and collaboration[edit | edit source]
Provide additional resources to the IOC so that the organisation could play a role in coordinating ongoing and future initiatives, and providing a structure for fostering coordination and collaboration more generally.
Notes: Adequate funding would be crucial.
Suggestion 12: Support for regional and scientific technological centers[edit | edit source]
Provision on support for regional scientific and technological centers with pooled global resources to enhance technology transfer efforts.
Notes: Regional marine science centers, research institutions and universities could play a key role in coordinating and conducting marine scientific research and enabling technology transfer.
Index:[edit | edit source]
- Objectives of capacity-building and transfer of marine technology
- Types of and modalities for capacity-building and transfer of marine technology
- Funding - Capacity Building and transfer of marine technology
- Monitoring, review and follow-up - Capacity building and transfer of marine technology