VI. Financial resources and issues

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From the procedural report of the BBNJ Preparatory Committee, 31/07/17 :

The text would address financial issues relating to the operation of the instrument.

From Chair's indicative suggestions document 31/05/17:

The text would address financial issues relating to the operations of the instrument, including a funding mechanism.

Suggestion 1: General provision for subsequent development of a mechanism

Provide for the establishment of a mechanism for the provision of financial resources to developing country Parties on grant or concessional basis. The agreement can provide that conditions to access this mechanism and financial support will be defined at a later stage by the Parties through its decision making body.


References: CBD Art 21 (Financial mechanism), Plant Treaty Art 18 (financial resources) Nagoya Protocol Art 25 (financial mechanism and resources)

Suggestion 2: Obligation to contribute

States commit to allocate a specified amount of financial resources to support implementation of the agreement, including through:

  • financial support and incentives for national activities to implement the convention
  • new and additional financial resources to support developing countries in implementing the agreement
  • support for projects and activities related to technology transfer and capacity building


References: CBD Art 20 (Financial resources)

Suggestion 3: Global fund

Establish a global fund, such as an ABNJ multilateral trust fund, for receiving and utilizing financial resources. This fund could support projects and programmes related to protection and conservation, benefit-sharing, capacity building, and technology transfer.


References: Plant Treaty Art 19.3(f) (financial resources), UNFSA Art 26 (funds for developing countries to implement agreement)

Suggestion 4: Funding from fees for activities in ABNJ

Fees or royalties from operations undertaken in ABNJ could be used to support implementation of the convention. These fees could be managed through a global fund or other mechanism set up by the agreement.


References: UNCLOS Art 82 (payments re continental shelf beyond 200 miles), UNCLOS Art 150(d) (participation in revenues)

Suggestion 5: Designate existing funding body

Designate an existing institution (e.g. Global Environment Facility (GEF), Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO) to provide framework for funding



Suggestion 6:



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